Journal Cup events typically include some or all of the following events.
These events favor strong riders who train for excellence over short distances.
Match Sprint: two to four competitors race head-to-head over 1000 metres. This race demands more tactical skill than any other as riders battle each other for the best position.
Kilometre Time Trial (men)/500m Time Trial (women): timed events, raced from astanding start.
Keirin: a mass-start power event. The first portion of the race is a battle for position behind a motorbike, which the riders may not pass. After the motor bike pulls off, there is an intense sprint to the finish.
Elimination: Also called Miss and Out or Devil, as in devil take the hindmost. This is an elimination race with the last rider on every lap being removed from the race. Once there are only three riders left they sprint it out for the finish.
Win and Out: A 5 lap race where the winner of lap one takes first place, then retires from the race. Winner of lap two earns second place and pulls out etc.
Reverse Win and Out: A five lap race with fifth place going to the lap one winner, fourth to the lap two winner, etc. Pack must keep up with a pacer riding on the apron.
Chariot Race: A neck-to-neck one-lap race from a standing start. May, at the discretion of the event organizer, be handicapped for obvious differences in ability.
3 Minute: Two lap race, with the first lap to take no less than 3 minutes.
Flying 400: Each rider will have one lap to reach maximum speed, then try to maintain for a second, timed lap. There will be two riders on the track at once - one doing their build up lap on the upper track, one their flying lap on the black line.
Winners: Sprints every 3 laps. A rider who has won a sprint stays with the pack but does not contest further sprints until the final. After the sprint with 3 laps to go, all riders except those who have won sprints leave the track. Remaining four riders contest the final sprint.
Team Sprint: Three riders (two for women) with the lead rider peeling off at the end of each lap.
These events favor riders with a greater balance of power and endurance. Most track endurance riders who ride on the road are best known for their sprinting or time trialing capabilities.
Individual Pursuits: 2000-4000 metre timed events contested by two riders who start on opposite sides of the track at the same time.
Scratch Race: is a very simple mass-start race over a set distance, in which the first rider across the finish line wins.
Points Race: Raced over a set distance, this event features sprints for points at regular intervals. Racers may also gain additional points by lapping the field. The winner is the rider with the most points at the end of the race.
Madison: a modified version of the Points Race where teams of two riders compete to gain points and additional laps. The winning team is the team which has completed the most laps with the greatest number of points. It is possible to win a Madison without winning any points by lapping the field.
Unknown Distance: A scratch race with the bell ringer being the only one who knows how long the race is. The bell ringer decides how many laps the race will be before the start but doesn't tell the riders. Maximum 10 laps.
Fox and Hound: A scratch race, except that the highest placed rider in the current six day standings gets a 1 lap lead (1/2 lap in C).
Points Race: This event involves a number of mini-races within the main race. When the bell rings racers sprint to finish in the top 4 places on that lap and win points (5-3-2-1) to count to the overall race total. Rider with the most points wins. 20 point bonus to any rider who laps the main pack (the largest group on the track), 20 point deduction for any rider who is lapped by the main pack.
Avalanche: A points race which has the number of points awarded for each sprint increase throughout the race. Win the first sprint and you earn 1 pt. win the last sprint and you get 5 points, points down to fourth place.
Madison: A points race with teams of two, one riding with the field, the other recovering. Points normally every ten laps. No bonus for lapping the field but team placement is a combination of laps completed plus points. A team that has completed the entire distance and has 10 points will finish ahead of a team that is one lap behind with 25 points.
Individual Pursuit: Timed event with two riders on the track at once. Elite men/A 4,000 metres, Elite women/masters men A and B/junior men/B 3,000 metres, Masters C and D men/Junior and masters women/U17 men and women 2,000 metres. If there is both a qualifying and final round, a rider caught in the final is eliminated and the race ends. In qualifying races, a caught rider finishes the distance.
Team Pursuit: As individual pursuit except team of four over 4,0000 metres or three over 3,000 metres.
Australian Pursuit: Riders start at equidistant intervals around the track. Any rider who is caught is eliminated. Event may be terminated early if field down to two placed opposite one another on the track.
Team Points Race: All riders are put in teams of 4 or 5. Teams with the most points wins. The organizer selects the teams so that they should be even.
The omnium is designed to recognize overall excellence rather than specialization in a particular event. Most ABA events have an event Omnium used for awarding of event prizes.
Riders participating in sanctioned events are responsible for knowing the current regulations. Copies of the regulations are available here.
Registration for ABA-sanctioned races is typically done in advance; late fees may be imposed for entries received within 3 days of the event. Race-day registration may be allowed at the discretion of the Technical Delegate & Race Organizer. Please be aware, some events have field limits, which may be reached well in advance of the event. Riders are urged to register early. For event registration information, see Upcoming Events.
Riders will receive two body numbers with their license. These numbers, coded by ability category, are to be worn at all ABA-sanctioned. Riders moving to a different category will be issued new numbers.
Replacement plates are available at a cost of $10. Riders forgetting to bring their plates to an event may purchase a plate from the ABA Technical Delegate ($10) at their next event.
Track Age Categories
Under 17 Men
Espoir Men 19-23
Elite (Senior) Men 23-29
Elite (Senior) Women 19-29
Master A Men/Women 30-39
Master B Men/Women 40-49
Master C Men/Women 50-59
Master D Men/Women 60-69
Master E Men/Women 70-79
Master F Men/Women 80+
*Category Age on December 31
Track Ability Categories
A - Men Road Cat 1/2/3
B - Men Road Cat 4, Women Road Cat 1/2/3
C - Men Road Cat 5, Women Road Cat 3/4/5